install Java on ubuntu desktop for development

Java is a computer programming language and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is intended to let application developers write once, run anywhere (WORA), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation.

Java is an operating system agnostic programming language providing the ability to develop Java Applications on any operating system. Java is split out into two different components

Java Runtime Engine (JRE)

Java Runtime Environment is a plug-in needed for running java programs.

  • It is an implementation of the Java Virtual Machine which actually executes Java programs.
  • The JRE is smaller than the JDK so it needs less Disk space.
  • The JRE can be downloaded/supported freely
  • It includes the JVM , Core libraries and other additional components to run applications and applets written in Java.

 

Java Development Kit (JDK)

A bundle of software that you can use to develop Java Applications, includes the JRE, set of API classes, Java compiler, Webstart and additional files needed to write Java applets and applications.

  • The JDK needs more Disk space as it contains the JRE along with various development tools.

All that is required to develop Java Applications is the Java Development Kit (JDK) . This quick tutorial will guide you through the process of installing Java JDK on ubuntu 16.04 desktop to enable the development of Java applications on ubuntu.

This tutorial will install OpenJDK , which is the default Java JDK for in the canonical repository.

Install the OpenJDK

To install the OpenJDK simply open the terminal window Ctrl + Alt + t and execute

Set  JAVA_HOME and PATH

Open /etc/environment in your nano text editor

Enter the following
close nano using Ctrl   + x We now need to ensure that terminal window reads these settings
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